Companion Planting Info and Chart

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Forestgarden2I thought I would post our own updated list of companion plants for him and anyone else interested. While I would love to say this plant or that plant are "best" I feel I must remind folks to keep in mind your climate, soil and many, many other factors that determine how well these plants cooperate together.  Trial and error is the best choice to begin companion planting but the chart below should lead you in the right direction...

What is Companion Planting?  A gardening method which makes use of the synergistic properties found in Nature: cooperation between plants to achieve optimum health and viability.
 

P = perennial plant in our Mediterranean climate

Vegetable/Herb
Likes
Dislikes
Anise
Coriander
Basil, rue
Asparagus  -P
Tomato, parsley, basil
 
Basil
Tomato, sweet peppers
Rue, anise
Beans
Beets, carrots, cauliflower, celeriac, celery, corn, cucumber, marigolds, potatoes, strawberry, summer savory
Onion, garlic, gladiolus, fennel
Beets
Onion, kohlrabi, bush beans, lettuce, cabbage family
Pole beans, mustards
Borage
Strawberry, fruit trees
 
Cabbage Family (broccoli, kale, cauliflower, collards, cabbages etc.)
Aromatic herbs, hyssop, thyme, wormwood, potatoes, celery, dill, chamomile, beets, onion, sage, peppermint, rosemary, oregano
Strawberry, tomato, beans, mustards, pole beans
Calendula  -P
Garden tonic, nutrient accumulator, chard, radish, carrots, tomatoes, thyme, parsley
 
Carrots
Peas, lettuce, chives, onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomato, wormwood, parsley
Dill
Celeriac
Scarlet runner beans
 
Celery
Leek, tomato, bush beans, cauliflower, cabbage
 
Chard
Roots crops, lettuce, radish, celery, mint
 
 
Chayote (Sechium edule)
Cucumbers, Pumpkin, peppers, squash, corn
celery, mint, or snap beans
Chives  -P
Carrots, apple orchards
Peas, beans
Collards
Tomatoes
 
Comfrey  -P
Nutrient accumulator/mulch
 
Coriander/Cilantro
Anise, carrots, radish, chard
Fennel
Corn
Potato, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash, melons, marigolds, sunflowers, sunchokes
 
Cucumbers
Beans, corn, peas, radish, sunflowers, okra
Potato, aromatic herbs
Eggplant
Beans, okra
 
Fennel
Most annuals DO NOT like it
Coriander, wormwood
Garlic
Drip line of fruit trees, roses, tomatoes
Peas and beans
Horseradish  -P
Fruit trees, potatoes
 
 
Jerusalem Artichokes (Sunchokes) -P
Corn
 
 
Lavender  -P
Broccoli and cabbage family
 
 
Leek
Onions, celery, carrots
 
Lettuce
Carrots, radish, strawberry, cucumber
Celery, cabbage, cress, parsley
Melon
Corn, sunflowers, morning glory, okra
Potatoes
Mint  -P
Cabbage, tomatoes, nettles
Chamomile
Nettle
Increases oil content of most herbs
 
Okra
Melons, cucumbers, sweet peppers, eggplant
 
 
Onion and garlic
Beets, strawberry, tomato, lettuce, summer savory, chamomile, roses
Peas, beans
Parsley
Tomato, asparagus, roses, carrots
 
Peas
Carrots, turnips, radish, cucumber, corn, beans, potatoes, aromatic herbs
Onions, garlic, gladiolus
Peppers –sweet
Basil, okra
 
Potato
Beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish, marigold, eggplant
Pumpkin, squash, cucumber, sunflower, tomato, raspberry
Pumpkin
Datura, corn, pole beans,
Potato
Radish
Peas, nasturtium, lettuce, cucumber, beets, spinach, carrots, squash, melons, tomatoes, beans
Potato, hyssop
Rhubarb  -P
Columbines
 
Rue  -P
Roses, raspberries, fig trees
Basil
Sage  -P
Rosemary, cabbages, carrots,
Cucumbers
Savory –both  -P
Onions, beans
Cucumbers
Spinach
Strawberries, other greens
 
Squash
Nasturtium, corn, clover
 
Strawberries  -P
Beans, spinach, borage, lettuce
Cabbage
Sunflower
Cucumber
Potato
Sweet potato
White Hellebore
 
Tomato
Chives, onion, parsley, asparagus, marigold, nasturtium, carrot, garlic, roses, bee balm
Kohlrabi, potato, fennel, cabbage, corn
Turnip
Peas, vetch
 
 
Valerian  -P
Calendula, echinacea
 
 
Sweet woodruff  -P
Orchards
 
 
Watermelon
Potatoes mulched with straw*
*generally melons do not like potatoes
Fruit trees  -P
Chives, garlic, carrots, bulbs, borage, strawberries, nasturtiums, comfrey, plantain, columbine, daylilies
Bare soil

 

Above is a basic chart of companion plants; I’m sure there is a more expansive list out there.  This is simply a chart of plants we’ve been successful growing together -or not- over the years.  The plants are listed by the plants they like, the ones they don’t and also if they are a perennial (otherwise they are an annual or biannual in this Mediterranean climate).
 
I’m also working on a Plant Guild Matrix or species matrix chart which details various plants, their unique characteristics as well as their specific use and ecological function.  This type of chart easily organizes the mind when designing a plant guild and forest garden–which is a different way of thinking about species cooperation as compared to companion planting.  Plant guilds are composed of a central species -like an Apple tree- surrounded by nurturing plant species and occasional animal disturbance.  In essence companion planting is one aspect to consider when designing a plant guild…
 
Learn More at Gaia Creations
 
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